Professor FONER: That is the right thing to do. And in fact, another reason why we don`t really remember the abolition of the slave trade is that achieving this goal actually led to a decrease in the abolitionist movement in general. This means that many people found, okay, that we achieved our main goal, and so criticism of slavery actually decreased after the abolition of the slave trade. And it was resurrected in the 1820s and 1830s. It took another generation for a radical abolitionist movement to emerge in the United States. And so some people say, well, the abolition of the slave trade diverted attention from the urgent need to attack slavery itself. The post-war anticlave deepened the division of sections when the Countries of the South again devoted their economies to agricultural development. However, the slave population of the region had been freed from the kidnappings, relocations, diseases and suffering of war. At the 1787 Constitutional Convention, South Carolina and Georgia did not hear about the end of the African slave trade. When the leaders of these new states understood their position in the new republic, the reconstruction of their economies could not be done without repopulating their slave communities as quickly as possible – through West African trade routes. The grand compromise of the Convention provided constitutional guarantees that the slave trade would remain open for twenty years, and at that time Congress would again decide on its future.
When the Constitution was drafted in 1787, slavery was an important part of the economy and society in the United States. It is strange that the Constitution does not use the word “slavery” in the provisions that respond most directly to practice. A careful reader should point out the “import clause” in Article 1, Section 9, Clause 1, which does not mention exactly who the persons likely to be `imported` are. In the South, the fire whistlers — the pro-slavery extremists of Antebellum — proposed repealing the law and regularizing the international slave trade in the United States. Historian Erskine Clarke writes that this call was “a bratant expression of their contempt for any anti-slavery atmosphere and part of its strategy of dividing the nation and creating a slave confederation. Among other things, the fire snakes hoped that a re-elected international slave trade would enshrine the North and that the outrage of the North would push the white states of the South to unite and move toward secession. “ It has been established that the patuxent carried supplies of rice and water large enough to feed about 250 slaves. The ship also contained a large amount of pre-cutting that could have been used to build a temporary slave bridge. In the trial, the other main evidence from the prosecutor`s office was that Davis had taken in a short-term passenger, Captain Theodore Canot, who had a reputation as a slaveholder. In 1839, Portuguese slave hunters abducted a large group of Africans from Sierra Leone and shipped them to Havana, Cuba, a slave trade center.
Two Spanish plantation owners bought 53 Africans and put them aboard the Cuban stained glass schooner Amistad to ship them to a Caribbean plantation. The Africans on board killed the captain and cook and took control of the Amistad which was sailing north. Brigg Washington conquered the Amistad off Long Island, New York. Murder charges against Africans were dropped, but Washington`s commander filed a defamation — a charge that the Amistad and its cargo should be seized for violating the law prohibiting the slave trade — in order to obtain compensation or “salvage rights” for the ship`s arrest. Abolitionists used lawyers to serve as proctors to Africans or represent them. The case finally went to the Supreme Court in 1841, when former President John Quincy Adams defended the right of indicted Africans to fight for their freedom.