International agreements on the use of tropical hardwoods, unless there are provisions for other agreements or measures, are legally binding only on the text of the treaty. In general, an amendment to the Treaty only commits the States that have ratified it and the agreements reached at review conferences, summits or meetings of the States Parties are not legally binding. The Charter of the United Nations is an example of a treaty that contains provisions for other binding agreements. By signing and ratifying the Charter, countries have agreed to be legally bound by resolutions adopted by UN bodies such as the General Assembly and the Security Council. Therefore, UN resolutions are legally binding on UN member states and no signature or ratification is required. International agreements are formal agreements or commitments between two or more countries. An agreement between two countries is described as “bilateral,” while an agreement between several countries is “multilateral.” Countries bound by countries bound by an international convention are generally referred to as “Parties.” Since its launch by G8 heads of state and government at the G8 summit in June 2002, the Global Partnership has initiated cooperation projects in areas such as the destruction of chemical weapons in non-proliferation, disarmament, counter-terrorism and nuclear security; the dismantling of disused nuclear submarines; safety and disposal of fissile material and the diversion of the use of former weapons scientists for peaceful civilian efforts. In addition to treaties, there are other less formal international agreements. These include efforts such as the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI) and the G7 Global Partnership Against the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction. Although the PSI has a “declaration of prohibition principles” and the G7 Global Partnership includes several statements by G7 heads of state and government, it also does not have a legally binding document that sets specific obligations and is signed or ratified by member states.
The IHR (2005) is an international agreement between 194 States Parties and the World Health Organization on surveillance, sunshine and response to all events that could pose a threat to international public health.